By Kris Ralph

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2009 im Fachbereich Soziologie - Methodologie und Methoden, word: 1,3, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am major, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Besonders seit den 1980er Jahren wird Gebrauchtkleidung zunehmend in Dritte-Welt-Länder exportiert, vor allem nach Subsahara-Afrika. Dort erfreut sie sich wachsender Beliebtheit. Gebrauchtkleidung stellt mehr als ein Drittel der in Afrika gekauften Waren dar, und die Prognosen der Vergangenheit, welche für eine weitere Zunahme dieses Marktes sprachen, lagen durchaus richtig .
Der Umfang der Gebrauchtkleidungsindustrie hat mittlerweile horrende Ausmaße angenommen und einen stetig steigenden Zuwachs zu verbuchen: Während im Jahre 1980 Ware im Wert von 73,1 Millionen greenback die united states verließ, so battle es im Jahre 1995 bereits Ware im Wert von 340,5 Millionen buck. In Deutschland stieg im selben Zeitraum der Export von einem Wert von 22,8 auf 187 Millionen buck. Der weltweite Export von Gebrauchtkleidung stieg von einem Warengegenwert im Jahre 1980 von 207 Millionen buck auf 1,4 Milliarden greenback im Jahre 1995 an . Bezeichnenderweise befinden sich unter den zehn Hauptimporteuren von Gebrauchtkleidung aus dem Jahre 1995 fünf afrikanische Staaten, nämlich Tunesien, Uganda, Tansania, Niger sowie Nigeria. Laut den Angaben der Vereinten Nationen importierten die Staaten Subsahara-Afrikas 1995 quickly ein Viertel der weltweiten Gebrauchtkleidung (Ware im Wert von 379 Millionen greenback) .

Ob dieser massige Export von Gebrauchtkleidung jedoch tatsächlich problemlos in andere, vor allem arme Regionen der Welt (und in diesem speziellen Fall Afrika) stattfinden kann und dort ohne Folgen tatsächlich einen rein karikativen Charakter erfüllt, soll in dieser Arbeit erörtert werden.

Grundsätzlich lässt sich summieren, dass quickly alle Autoren der dieser Arbeit zu Grunde liegenden Texte einen grundsätzlich positiven Eindruck über den Konsum von Gebrauchtkleidung vermitteln. Ferner gelangt der Großteil der Autoren zu der Überzeugung, dass die übermäßig kritische Betrachtung des Gebrauchtkleidermarktes die positiven Möglichkeiten, welcher dieser den Konsumenten eröffnet, leichtfertig ignoriert.
Es steht außer Frage, dass der Wunsch nach neuer Kleidung im wohlhabenden Westen zugleich den Bedarf an Gebrauchtkleidung in der dritten Welt stillt. Ob dieser Zyklus jedoch langfristig nicht eine einseitige Begünstigung bzw. Benachteiligung manifestiert, soll hier kritisch beleuchtet werden.

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By Irena Madjar

This phenomenological research describes the lived adventure of soreness inflicted within the context of medically prescribed remedy, and it explores the meanings of such ache for sufferers who persisted it and for nurses whose activities contributed to its iteration. hence, it offers a thematic description of the phenomenon of clinically inflicted discomfort. the hazards for either sufferers and nurses whilst clinically inflicted ache is neglected, neglected, or handled with detachment are provided. The examine additionally issues the best way towards nursing perform that's guided by way of thoughtfulness and sensitivity to patients1 lived event and an understanding of the liberty and accountability inherent in nursing activities, together with these excited by causing and relieving discomfort. Questions are raised approximately nurses1 wisdom, attitudes, and activities with regards to clinically inflicted soreness. The examine highlights the necessity for nursing schooling and perform to think about the contribution of a phenomenological point of view to the knowledge of the human event of discomfort and the nursing function in its new release, prevention, and relief.

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By Jeremy Holland,Jeremy Holland

local community can generate their very own numbers - and the data that consequence are strong for themselves and will impact coverage. because the early Nineties there was a quiet tide of innovation in producing data utilizing participatory equipment. improvement practitioners are helping and facilitating participatory records from community-level making plans correct as much as quarter and national-level coverage techniques. statistics are being generated within the layout, tracking and assessment, and influence review of improvement interventions.

Through chapters describing coverage, programme and venture learn, Who Counts? offers impetus for a step switch within the adoption and mainstreaming of participatory records inside of foreign improvement perform. The problem laid down is to foster institutional swap at the again of the methodological breakthroughs and philosophical dedication defined during this publication. The prize is a win-win end result during which data are part of an empowering strategy for area people and a part of a real-time details stream for these relief organisations and executive departments keen to generate information in new methods.

Who Counts? is vital interpreting for researchers and scholars of overseas improvement in addition to policy-makers, managers and practitioners in improvement agencies.

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By Paolo Massimo Buscema,William J. Tastle

This publication presents a radical precis of the potential at present on hand to the investigators of man-made Intelligence for making legal habit (both person and collective) foreseeable, and for aiding their investigative capacities.  the amount offers chapters at the advent of man-made intelligence and laptop studying compatible for an higher point undergraduate with publicity to arithmetic and a few programming ability or a graduate course.  It additionally brings the newest learn in synthetic Intelligence to existence with its chapters on attention-grabbing purposes within the zone of legislations enforcement, notwithstanding a lot is additionally being comprehensive within the fields of drugs and bioengineering.  people with a history in synthetic Intelligence will locate the hole chapters to be a great refresher however the maximum pleasure might be the legislation enforcement examples, for little has been performed in that area.  The editors have selected to polish a vivid mild on legislations enforcement analytics using man made neural community know-how to inspire different researchers to get entangled during this vitally important and well timed box of study.

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By Margaret D. LeCompte,Jean J. Schensul

This is ebook 1 of seven in the Ethnographer's Toolkit, moment Edition.

The Ethnographer's Toolkit series starts off with this primer, which introduces amateur and specialist practitioners alike to the method of ethnographic examine, together with solutions to questions resembling who should still and will do ethnography, whilst it truly is used such a lot fruitfully, and the way examine tasks are performed from conceptualization to the makes use of of study effects. Written in useful, easy language, this re-creation defines the qualitative study firm, hyperlinks examine concepts to theoretical paradigms, and descriptions the ways that an ethnographic examine should be designed. Use Designing and accomplishing Ethnographic examine as a advisor to the complete Toolkit or as a stand-alone advent to ethnographic research.

Other books within the set:

Book 2:
Initiating Ethnographic learn: A combined tools Approach
by Stephen L. Schensul, Jean J. Schensul, and Margaret D. LeCompte

Book 3:
Essential Ethnographic equipment: A combined equipment strategy, moment Edition
by Jean J. Schensul and Margaret D. LeCompte

Book 4:
Specialized Ethnographic equipment: A combined tools Approach
edited by way of Jean J. Schensul and Margaret D. LeCompte

Book 5:
Analysis and Interpretation of Ethnographic facts: A combined tools method, moment Edition
by Margaret D. LeCompte and Jean J. Schensul

Book 6:
Ethics in Ethnography: A combined equipment Approach
by Margaret D. LeCompte and Jean J. Schensul

Book 7:
Ethnography in motion: A combined tools Approach
by Jean J. Schensul and Margaret D. LeCompte

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By Hendrik Trescher

Hendrik Trescher geht der Frage nach, ob für Menschen mit geistiger Behinderung Freizeit auch Vergemeinschaftung ermöglicht. Der Autor untersucht diesen Aspekt vielschichtig und umfangreich und kommt letztlich zu dem Schluss, dass viele Inklusionspotenziale ungenutzt bleiben.Eine zentrale Rolle spielen dabei Versorgungsinstitutionen. Darauf aufbauend entwickelt er ein Inklusionsverständnis, welches auf Diskursteilhabe beruht: Inklusion ist als Prozess der Dekonstruktion von Diskursteilhabebarrieren zu verstehen. Dieser Prozess muss sich in der Lebenspraxis vollziehen – in diesem Sinne werden auch praktische Vorschläge zur Verbesserung der Lebenssituation von Menschen mit geistiger Behinderung entwickelt.

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By Christopher P. Salas-Wright,Michael G. Vaughn,Jennifer M. Reingle González

This e-book is rooted within the conviction that human biology performs a serious position in knowing drug abuse and delinquent habit. within the comparable breath, notwithstanding, it essentially affirms the significance of the numerous social and environmental elements that impact our behavior across the lifestyles path. The examine starts with an outline of the scope of the matter of drug abuse and crime, and an exam of ways those difficulties usually feed into each other. construction upon that starting place, the point of interest shifts to a assessment of state of the art learn at the genetics and neurobiology of habit and delinquent habit  around the developmental sessions of adolescence, early life, and maturity. An exploration of the consequences of a biosocial existence direction method when it comes to drug abuse prevention, and an exam of what lies forward for drug abuse and criminological study finish this particular and well timed ebook. coverage makers, practitioners and students of criminology and sociology will locate this of specific interest.

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By Neil Fligstein,Doug McAdam

discovering how you can comprehend the character of social swap and social order-from political pursuits to industry meltdowns-is one of many enduring difficulties of social technology. A thought of Fields attracts jointly far-ranging insights from social circulation concept, organizational thought, and fiscal and political sociology to build a common concept of social association and strategic action.

In a piece of exceptional synthesis, mind's eye, and research, Neil Fligstein and Doug McAdam suggest that social switch and social order might be understood via what they name strategic motion fields. They posit that those fields are the final development blocks of political and financial lifestyles, civil society, and the kingdom, and the elemental kind of order in our international this present day. just like Russian dolls, they're nested and attached in a broader surroundings of just about numerous proximate and overlapping fields. Fields are collectively based; swap in a single frequently triggers switch in one other. on the middle of the idea is an account of the way social actors model and retain order in a given box. This sociological concept of motion, what they name "social skill," is helping clarify what members do in strategic motion fields to achieve cooperation or interact in competition.

To exhibit the breadth of the speculation, Fligstein and McAdam make its summary ideas concrete via prolonged case reports of the Civil Rights stream and the increase and fall of the marketplace for mortgages within the U.S. because the Sixties. The booklet additionally offers a "how-to" consultant to aid others enforce the strategy and discusses methodological issues.

With a daring new process, A idea of Fields offers either a rigorous and essentially acceptable state of mind via and making experience of social order and change-and how one emerges from the other-in smooth, advanced societies.

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By Theano S. Terkenli,Anne-Marie d'Hauteserre

Making experience of latest cultural economies, it really is argued, wishes constant consciousness to the resonances of person lives. in a different way, a dialogue of cultural economies is still suspended in a indifferent virtualism (Miller, 2000). the assumption of the remaking of geographies and cultural economies continues to be, inevitably, a constant seek to make the topic dynamic in its resonance with the modern global. In fresh debates about the reframing of the cultural economies of geography, there's an explanation of accelerating acknowledgement of the missed value of subjectivities inside geographical clarification. This has frequently been tricky while attempting to attend to the massive scale obvious dynamics of swap. The shift of geographies to concentration upon cultural economies combines profound threads that tell this bankruptcy: the acknowledgement of the breadth and inclusivity of what economies are and the refusal at the same time to isolate the cultural and the industrial. therefore the industrial turns into engaged or even framed in terms of the cultural, and vice versa. Such an appraisal makes extra strong the boundaries of ‘either – or’ claims from those grounding elements of geographical considering and its illustration of the area. those subject matters are sustained in several methods around the chapters of this publication. This bankruptcy seeks to construct a serious discourse pertaining to house, embodied perform and lay wisdom. It does this which will handle the mechanisms during which everyone is engaged within the procedures of recent cultural economies.

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