By David Radford,Adrian Gascoyne,Philip Wise

This quantity is a severe review of the present country of archaeological wisdom of the payment initially referred to as Camulodunon and referred to now as Colchester. town has been the topic of antiquarian curiosity because the overdue sixteenth century and the 1st sleek archaeological excavations happened in 1845 on the subject of Colchester citadel, the cities such a lot well-liked ancient web site.

The earliest major human profession recorded from Colchester dates to the past due Neolithic, however it used to be merely in the direction of the top of the first century BC that an oppidum was once demonstrated within the zone. This used to be outdated at the start by means of a Roman legionary castle after which the colonia of Camulodunum on a hilltop bounded at the north and east via the river Colne. there's little proof for carrying on with career the following within the early post-Roman interval, yet in 917 the city was once re-established as a burgh and progressively grew in significance. After the Norman Conquest, a fortress used to be equipped at the foundations of the ruined Roman Temple of Claudius, and a priory and an abbey have been verified simply to the south of the walled city.

Although town, as in other places, used to be suffering from the Dissolution of the Monasteries and the English Civil conflict it remained primarily medieval in personality until eventually the 18th century. through the nineteenth century this strategy of switch used to be speeded up by way of the arriving of the railway, industrialisation and the institution of the army garrison.

Since the Nineteen Sixties Colchester has been topic to routine stages of re-development, the newest having ended basically in 2007, that have had an important effect at the old setting. thankfully town is without doubt one of the top studied within the country.

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Colchester, Fortress of the War God: an Archaeological Assessment by David Radford,Adrian Gascoyne,Philip Wise

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